|Scientific Name||Verbena neomexicana||USDA PLANTS Symbol||VENE|
|Common Name||Hillside Vervain, New Mexico Verbena||ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.||32109|
Habitat: Desert scrub, dry washes, plains, foothills and canyons, 2000 to 6000 ft.
Plant: Slender, erect perennial, 12 to 28 inches tall, single or a few hairy stems branched from base and above.
Leaves: Opposite, narrowly ovate in outline and deeply incised-dentate or pinnatifid, 3/4 to 2 inches long, sessile or nearly so, hairy surfaces and somewhat glandular; lower leaves withering early.
Inflorescence: Small, violet flowers in 1 to 3 slender elongated spikes per stem; each flower subtended by a small ovate-triangular bract, shorter than the calyx; 5-toothed calyx 1/8 to 3/16-inch long; blue to violet, rarely white, tubular corolla with 5 united flaring petals (salverform) slightly longer than the calyx.
Bloom Period April to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, SEINet and Southest Arizona Wildflowers and Plants.
Note: V. neomexicana is not supposed to exist in the Big Bend area according to the BONAP map on the right; however it appears in the SEINet Big Bend Checklist and on iNaturalist. It is possible that the images here are actually V. perennis or V. canescens; however, there are differences in leaf shape, hairiness, and bracts with these images being more like V. neomexicana in these respects.
|BONAP Distribution Map
Map Color Key
Banner photo of Lupinus ssp. by Rick Capozza, Austin TX
© Tom Lebsack 2023