Papaver somniferum

(Opium Poppy)


Papaver somniferum, Pedernales Falls State Park, Blanco Co. 7126/7138


Papaver somniferum, Pedernales Falls State Park, Blanco Co. 7164

Scientific Name Papaver somniferum USDA PLANTS Symbol PASO2
Common Name Opium Poppy ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 18894
Family Papaveraceae (Poppy) SEINet
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Description Habitat: Various soils in creek bottoms, riverbeds, roadsides and disturbed areas.
Plant: Erect, simple or branching, leafy annual, 3 to 5 feet tall.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves, oblong to ovate in outline, wavy, sessile or clasping; margins with coarse teeth or shallow lobes; basal leaves up to 6 inches long, becoming somewhat smaller along the stem.
Inflorescence: Large showy blossoms, 3+ inches across; 4 rounded, overlapping, papery petals, white, pink, red, or purple, often with dark or pale basal spot; many light yellow anthers surrounding 5 to 18 stigmata.
Bloom Period: Spring to summer.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Map Color Key
Texas Status:

Banner photo of Castilleja indivisa and Lupinus ssp. taken along FM 1323 north of Johnson City, Blanco County

© Tom Lebsack 2024