|Scientific Name||Echinocereus viridiflorus var. russanthus (Echinocereus russanthus, Echinocereus russanthus ssp. russanthus)||USDA PLANTS Symbol||ECVIR
|Common Name||Rusty Hedgehog Cactus||ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.||N/A
|Family||Cactaceae (Cactus)||CactiGuide.com Reference||Click Here|
|Description||Habitat: Desert environments; limestone and igneous soils in desert scrub, grasslands and mountains; endemic to Big Bend area from 2300 to 6400 ft.
Plant: Cylindrical stems 2 to 10 inches tall and 1-1/2 to 3-1/2 inches across and may be branched at bases densely covered with spines.
Pads & Spines: Stems with 12 to 18 ribs; 9 to 12 central spines 3/8 to 1-1/2 inches long and 30 to 45 radial spines 1/3 to 5/8-inch long; reddish brown to blackish or white with darler tips.
Inflorescence: Comparatively smaller rusty-red funnel-shaped flowers 3/4 to 1-3/8 inches long growing from the sides of the stems; yellow anthers, pale-yellow style with and 8 to 10 green stigma lobes.
Bloom Period: February to April.
Fruit: Green to dull red, almost round to oval, 3/8 to 1/2-inch long.
References: "Cacti of Texas" by Powell, Weedin and Powell and "Little Big Bend" by Roy Morey.
Note: There is some disagreement on the naming of the species. The name used here is that cited by the Powell, Weedin and Powell; Blum suggests E. russanthus ssp. russanthus in his Echinocereus Status Liste.
|BONAP Distribution Map
E. russanthusMap Color Key
Banner photo of Lupinus ssp. by Rick Capozza, Austin TX
© Tom Lebsack 2023