Opuntia species

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Scientific Name Opuntia engelmannii variety engelmannii USDA PLANTS Symbol
OPENE
Common Name Prickly Pear, Cactus Apple ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
913651
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
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Description Dry habitat, sandy, rocky soil; spreading out to 8-10 feet across and several feet high; generally yellow flowers, about 2 inches across; purple fruit; pads have many spines. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Opuntia macrocentra USDA PLANTS Symbol
OPMA8
Common Name Purple Prickly Pear ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
195327
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
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Description Dry habitat, sandy, rocky soil; similar appearance to O. englemannii except for size (usually no more than 3 feet high) and the distinctive purplish pads; yellow/peach colored flowers with red centers, about 2 inches across; common in Big Bend and west. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Opuntia phaecantha USDA PLANTS Symbol
OPPH
Common Name Desert Prickly Pear, Tulip Prickly Pear ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
19724
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
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Description Dry habitat, sandy, rocky soil; generally low growing, spreading out up to 8 feet across; yellow flowers with red centers, sometimes pink, about 3 inches across; purple fruit. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Opuntia X spinosibacca USDA PLANTS Symbol
OPSP7
Common Name Spiny-fruit Prickly Pear ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
195355
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) eFloras.org Reference
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Description Desert habitat; spreading cactus less than 6 feet tall; green pads up to 10 inches long with reddish-orange spines; yellow flowers with red centers, 2 to 3 inches across; fruit has many spines. Thought to be a natural hybrid between opuntia aureispina and opuntia phaeacantha. Reported only in Big Bend National Park and adjacent areas of Mexico. Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2017