Linum species

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Scientific Name Linum aristatum USDA PLANTS Symbol
LIAR3
Common Name Bristle Flax ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29231
Family Linaceae (Flax) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Dry, very sandy soils from 4,000-8,000 incl. higher elevations in Big Bend.
Plant: Erect, much-branched annual with slender stems, 4 to 18 inches tall.
Leaves: Alternate, very narrow linear, leaves 1/8 to 5/8-inch long, with pointed tips, sessile.
Inflorescence: Small fubbel-shaped flowers with 5 shiny yellow to yellow-orange petals less than 1/2-inch long and narrow and sharply pointed sepals; usually solitary at stem tips.
Bloom Period: May to September.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Linum berlandieri (Linum rigidum var. berlandieri) USDA PLANTS Symbol
LIBE2
Common Name Berlandieri's Yellow Flax, Bowl Flax ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
503490
Family Linaceae (Flax) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Sandy, gravelly soils in fields, grassy area, roadsides and other open areas.
Plant: Erect, smooth annual 6 to 12 inches tall, single stem branched in upper portions.
Leaves: Narrow linear leaves 1/2 to 1 inch long, stalkless, upright, and rigid; stem leaves alternate, basal leaves opposite.
Inflorescence: Clustered, cup-shaped flowers, 3/4 to 1-1/8 inch across on short pedicels; 5 yellow petals with copper-colored centers and radiating reddish lines.
Bloom Period: April and May.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi, Flora of North America, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Linum hudsonioides USDA PLANTS Symbol
LIHU2
Common Name Texas Flax, Hudson Flax ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29210
Family Linaceae (Flax) Wildflower Center Ref.
Description Habitat: Sandy, gravelly soils.
Plant: Ascending to erect annual 6 to 12 inches tall, stems hairy near base, smooth and ribbed above; single stem branched at inflorescence.
Leaves: Narrow, short, linear to linear-lanceolate leaves 3/8-inch long or less, stalkless, upright, overlapping; stem leaves alternate, basal leaves opposite.
Inflorescence: Dense, somewhat flat-topped panicles of yellow to orange flowers, each ~3/4 inch across on short pedicels; 5 petals usually with red spot at the bases; filaments are yellow or dark pinkish, anthers yellow, and stigmas bright green to yellowish.
Bloom Period: March to September.
References: Flora of North America, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Linum rupestre USDA PLANTS Symbol
LIRU2
Common Name Rock Flax ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29221
Family Linaceae (Flax) Wildflower Center Ref.
Description Habitat: Calcareous soils (caliche) in dry, rocky areas.
Plant: Erect, sparse perennial 8 to 28 inches tall, few to many slender generally smooth stems, branched at base and at inflorescence.
Leaves: Narrow, short, linear to linear-lanceolate leaves 3/8-to 3/4-inch long, upright; sparse stem leaves alternate, basal leaves opposite.
Inflorescence: Panicle-like; small funnel-shaped yellow flowers, each 1/4 to 1/2-inch across on very short pedicels; 5 petals; sepals have teeth along edges.
Bloom Period: April to August.
References: Flora of North America, "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Linum vernale USDA PLANTS Symbol
LIVE2
Common Name Chihuahuan Flax ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
29227
Family Linaceae (Flax) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Rocky, calcareous soils on slopes, in scrublands and woodland openings.
Plant: Erect annual with smooth, branching stems, 5 to 20 inches tall.
Leaves: Narrow, linear leaves 3/8 to 5/8-inch long; lower leaves opposite, mid and upper alternate; margins entire, with widely spaced glandular hairs.
Inflorescence: Open panicles of bowl-shaped flowers ~3/4-inch across with 5 yellow-orange to salmon-colored petals usually with maroon bases; short sepals with glandular hairs; styles ~1/4-inch long united until near the tip, dark stigmas; stamens ~1/4-inch long.
Bloom Period: March to September.
References: Flora of North America and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2019