Rumex species

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Scientific Name Rumex hastatulus USDA PLANTS Symbol
RUHA2
Common Name Heartwing Sorrel ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
20938
Family Polygonaceae (Buckwheat) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Moist or dry areas in disturbed areas, meadows, waste areas and roadsides.
Plant: Erect perennial, single or multiple stems, 4 to 16 inches tall; branching in upper 2/3.
Leaves: Mostly basal, few stem leaves, various shapes, obovate-oblong, ovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate; basal leaves often hastate with spreading lobes; 3/4 to 2-3/8 inches long.
Inflorescence: Male and female flowers on separate plants; racemes of flowers on upper 1/3 of stems; flowers clustered in multiple whorls of 3 to 6 blossoms on short (less than 1/8-inch long) pedicels, spaced along stem; each small flower with no petals but 6 round or heart-shaped pinkish to greenish to red tepals (wings); short white stamens on male plants.
Bloom Period: Spring and summer.
References: SEINet, "Forest Plants and Their Uses" by Miller, and "An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States…".
Texas Status
Introduced
Scientific Name Rumex hymenosepalus USDA PLANTS Symbol
RUHY
Common Name Canaigre Dock ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
20962
Family Polygonaceae (Buckwheat) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy, alkaline or rocky soils; plains, slopes, stream beds, roadsides.
Plant: Stout, erect perennial, single stem 12 to 40 inches tall; branching in upper 2/3.
Leaves: Basal leaves oblong to narrowly obovate-lanceolate, stem leaves lanceolate; 3 to 12 inches long and 3/4 to 3+ inches wide; edges entire and usually curly; pointed tips.
Inflorescence: Narrow terminal panicle in upper half of stem, with many blossoms grouped together in whorls of 5 to 20 on pedicels 0.2 to 0.6 inches long spaced along stem; small individual greenish-white to pinkish flowers with 6 tepals (3 inner and 3 outer) and no dorsal tubercle; 3 inner tepals enlarge as the winged, three-sided, dull pink, heart-shaped fruit forms.
Bloom Period: Spring.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, SEINet and Southwest Arizona Wildflowers and Plants.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Rumex pulcher USDA PLANTS Symbol
RUPU3
Common Name Fiddle Dock ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
20942
Family Polygonaceae (Buckwheat) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Moist or dry areas along roadsides, streambanks, waste areas.
Plant: Erect perennial, 8 to 24 inches tall; upper portion very flexible.
Leaves: Basal and stem leaves, various shapes, including oblong, oblong-ovate, sometimes broadly lanceolate, and fiddle-shaped; 1-1/2 to 4 inches long.
Inflorescence: Large panicle of flower clusters on upper 2/3 of plant, 10 to 20 blossoms grouped together in whorls spaced along stem; each small flower with triangular tepals; larger seed pod with toothed wings (valves) below a whitish tubercle.
Bloom Period: Late spring and summer.
References: SEINet, Jepson eFlora, Catnapin.com, and Wikipedia.
Texas Status
Introduced

© Tom Lebsack 2019