Plantago species

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Scientific Name Plantago helleri USDA PLANTS Symbol
PLHE
Common Name Heller's Plantain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32904
Family Plantaginaceae (Plantain) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sand, gravel or limestone soils, moist or dry conditions, hillsides, open areas; found primarily in Central and West Texas.
Plant: Erect, hairy annual up to 8 inches tall.
Leaves: Numerous basal, narrow linear leaves 1 to 8 inches long and 1/4-inch wide, hairy.
Inflorescence: Terminal spike about 1 to 1-1/2 inches long on a leafless scape (peduncle or stalk) with dense cluster of small greenish-white flowers with 4 small (less than 3/16-inch long) lobes or petals.
Fruit: Oblong capsules containing 1 or 2 brown seeds.
Bloom Period: April to June.
Reference: "Wildflowers of the Western Plains: A Field Guide" by Zoe Merriman Kirkpatrick.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Plantago lanceolata USDA PLANTS Symbol
PLLA
Common Name Buckhorn Plantain, English Plantain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32874
Family Plantaginaceae (Plantain) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Various soils and conditions; widespread. Usually considered a weed.
Plant: Erect perennial up to 26 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal rosette with numerous generally hairless lanceolate leaves 1-1/2 to 10 inches long and up to 1-1/2 inches wide, with several prominent veins; leaf edges may have a few teeth.
Inflorescence: Terminal spike 1 to 3 inches long on a leafless scape (peduncle or stalk) with dense cluster of very small white flowers with 4 small (less than 1/10-inch long) lobes or petals and 4 long, protruding stamens.
Bloom Period: May to September.
Fruit: Oblong capsules containing 1 or 2 ellipsoidal, shiny brown seeds.
References: SEINet.
Texas Status
Introduced
Scientific Name Plantago patagonica USDA PLANTS Symbol
PLPA2
Common Name Woolly Plantain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32907
Family Plantaginaceae (Plantain) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Dry areas, grasslands.
Plant: Erect, hairy annual up to 8 inches tall.
Leaves: Numerous basal, narrow linear to linear-lanceolate leaves 1 to 6 inches long and 1/4-inch wide, distinctly 3-veined, somewhat fuzzy.
Inflorescence: Hairy terminal spike 1 to 5 inches long on a leafless hairy scape (peduncle or stalk) up to 8 inches long with dense cluster of small greenish-white flowers with 4 very small (less than 1/10-inch long) lobes or petals.
Fruit: Oblong capsules containing 1 or 2 brownish seeds.
Bloom Period: March to May.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Plantago rhodosperma USDA PLANTS Symbol
PLRH
Common Name Redseed Plantain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32909
Family Plantaginaceae (Plantain) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy, rocky soils, common in shrublands and gravel bars of streambeds.
Plant: Erect annual up to 13 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal, on petioles (stems); blades oblanceolate, tapering to pointed tips, 1 to 3 inches long, somewhat hairy and may have 2 to 4 widely-spaced teeth on the edges.
Inflorescence: Spike from less than an inch to almost 6 inches long, with of many small flowers, and supported on a peduncle (stem).
Fruit: Capsules containing deep red seeds.
Blooming Period: March to May.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Plantago wrightiana USDA PLANTS Symbol
PLWR
Common Name Wright's Plantain ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
32896
Family Plantaginaceae (Plantain) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy, gravelly or rocky soils of the Edwards Plateau.
Plant: Erect annual up to 17 inches tall.
Leaves: Numerous dark green, basal leaves without petioles; narrow linear to lanceolate blades, 2 to 9 inches long, smooth to very slightly hairy, smooth edges.
Inflorence: Spike from less than an inch to almost 3 inches long, with of many small flowers, and supported on a hairy peduncle (stalk) 3-1/2 to 9 inches long.
Fruit: Capsules containing light to dark brown seeds.
Bloom Period: April to June.
Reference: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and SEINet.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2018