Oenothera species

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Scientific Name Oenothera boquillensis (Gaura boquillensis) USDA PLANTS Symbol
OEBO
Common Name Rio Grande Beeblossom, Boquillas Lizardtail ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
836005
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy areas along canyon walls and slopes near the Rio Grande.
Plant: Erect, multi-stemmed perennial, 10 to 40 inches tall.
Leaves: Basal narrowly oblanceolate, upper narrowly elliptic to lanceolate; 1/4 to 2-1/2 inches long and wavy, toothed edges.
Inflorescence: White-to-light pink flowers in a spike, 4 petals around the top half of the blossom, and 8 long stamens with pink anthers and long central stigma; green sepals below.
Bloom Period: March to August.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Oenothera lindheimeri (Gaura lindheimeri) USDA PLANTS Symbol
OELI2
Common Name Lindheimer's Beeblossom, White Gaura ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
835999
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Black clay or sandy soils in prairies, forest edges and moist ares around ponds and seeps; central and southeast Texas, occasionally elsewhere; widely cultivated.
Plant: Erect to spreading perennial 20-60 inches tall, upper portion much branched; colony-forming.
Leaves: Narrow, elliptic, hairy leaves 1/2 to 3-1/2 inches long, serrate margins.
Inflorescence: White-to-light pink flowers 1/2 to 1-14 inches long in a spike, 4 petals about 1/2-inch long around the top half of the blossom, and 8 long, fine stamens with yellow anthers and long central stigma; pink sepals below.
Bloom Period: April to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Oenothera patriciae (Gaura brachycarpa) USDA PLANTS Symbol
OEPA2
Common Name Plains Beeblossom ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
835996
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Habitat: Sandy, open areas.
Plant: Erect, weak, delicate single-stemmed annual, may reach 26 inches tall, generally much shorter; hairy stems.
Leaves: Lanceolate to oblanceolate, hairy leaves up to 2-3/4 inches long, slightly toothed.
Inflorescence: A few pink rose red or white flowers in a spike, buds and backs of sepals pubescent; 4 petals about 1/2-inch long around the top half of the blossom, and 8 long stamens with dark anthers and long central stigma; greenish to pinkish sepals below.
Bloom Period: February to June.
References: Gaura brachycarpa in"Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Shinners & Mahler’s Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Oenothera suffulta (Gaura suffulta) USDA PLANTS Symbol
OESU4
Common Name Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
835989
Family Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy, open areas.
Plant: Erect, annual or biennial; single-stemmed, usually branched 1 to 3 ft. tall.
Leaves: Basal and alternate along the stems; blades oblanceolate (basal) to linear (upper stem leaves), 3/8 to 6 inches long and up to 1 inch wide, tapering at the base into a winged petiole; margins smooth to sinuate-dentate.
Inflorescence: Raceme of closely spaced flowers, several opening each day; buds and backs of sepals glabrous; blossoms about 3/4-inch across with 4 white to pinkish petals about 3/8 to 5/8-inch long around the top half of the blossom; 4 somewhat longer reflexed sepals; 8 stamens with white filaments and dark red anthers; long central greenish-yellow stigma.
Bloom Period: April to June.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, Shinners & Mahler’s Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas and SEINet.
Notes: Image below may be subspecies suffulta because of its smooth, hairless floral parts.
Texas Status
Native

Click for yellow Oenothera and pink Oenothera.

© Tom Lebsack 2019