Croton species

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Scientific Name Croton lindheimeri (Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri) USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Hogwort, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Goatweed ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Flora of North America Ref.
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Description Habitat: Dry prairies, overgrazed pastures, rocky hills, open woodlands, and roadsides; usually sandy or limestone soils.
Plant: Annual 8 to 40 inches tall, branched; yellow-brown stem hairs on newer growth, becoming smooth.
Leaves: Pale-green ovate-lanceolate blades 1/1/4 to 2-3/4 inches long; margins entire, sharply pointed tips; petioles longer (up to 2-3/4 inches) below, becoming much shorter (about 1/2-inch long) near branch tips.
Inflorescence: Bisexual blossoms in short racemes 0.6 to 1.2 inches long, with 8 to 15 staminate (male) flowers and 2 to 7 pistillate (female); hairy sepals: male flowers with 5, female with 7 to 8; male flowers with 5 petals, female with none.
Fruit: Capsules about 1/4-inch diameter, hairy. 3-seeded.
References: Descr. adapted from Flora of North America, Shinner and Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas, and Kansas Wildflowers.
Texas Status
Scientific Name Croton monanthogynus USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name One-seed Croton, Prairie Tea ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) SEINet Reference
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Description Dry habitat, limestone/caliche soils; erect annual 1 to 3 feet tall; alternate, hairy green leaves; inconspicuous white flowers, separate staminate (male) and Pistillate (female) flowers. Leaves can be used to make tea. Texas Status

© Tom Lebsack 2017