Croton species

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Scientific Name Croton lindheimeri (Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri) USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Hogwort, Lindheimer's Hogwort, Woolly Goatweed ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) Flora of North America Ref.
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Description Habitat: Dry prairies, overgrazed pastures, rocky hills, open woodlands, and roadsides; usually sandy or limestone soils.
Plant: Annual 8 to 40 inches tall, branched; yellow-brown stem hairs on newer growth, becoming smooth.
Leaves: Pale-green ovate-lanceolate blades 1/1/4 to 2-3/4 inches long; margins entire, sharply pointed tips; petioles longer (up to 2-3/4 inches) below, becoming much shorter (about 1/2-inch long) near branch tips.
Inflorescence: Small blossoms in short racemes 0.6 to 1.2 inches long; staminate (male) flowers with 7 to 12 stamens, 5 hairy sepals and petals; pistillate (female) flowers with 7 to 8 sepals, 3 styles and no petals.
Fruit: Mostly round capsules about 1/4-inch diameter, 3-seeded.
Bloom Period: May to December.
References: Flora of North America, Shinner and Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas, and Kansas Wildflowers.
Texas Status
Scientific Name Croton monanthogynus USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name One-seed Croton, Prairie Tea ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Euphorbiaceae (Spurge) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Dry imestone/caliche soils; prairies, disturbed areas.
Plant: Erect, much-branched annual up to 20 inches tall; stems somewhat hairy.
Leaves: Alternate fuzzy leaves; lower leaves ovate-oblong to almost round; upper leaves narrowly elliptic; up to 1-3/8 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Inflorescence: Inconspicuous greenish-white flowers clustered in congested terminal racemes about 3/8 inch long; separate staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers on the same plant; staminate flowers have no petals and 5 sepals; pistillate flowers have 4 petals and 5 sepals.
Fruit: Oval-shaped capsules less than 2/10-inch diameter, smooth, 1-seeded.
Bloom Period: May to November.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
Texas Status

© Tom Lebsack 2019