Chamaesaracha species

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Scientific Name Chamaesaracha coniodes USDA PLANTS Symbol
CHCO
Common Name False Nightshade ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
30506
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Drier sandy or gravelly soils in fields, roadsides, other disturbed locations.
Plant: Sprawling, somewhat erect perennial, extensively branched from base with hairy stems 4 to 12 inches long; foliage covered with simple and sticky, glandular hairs.
Leaves: Dark green, alternate, lanceolate in outline 3/4 to 2-3/8 inches long with rounded lobes along edges; tapering at the base into a short winged petiole.
Inflorescence: Single or two small, star-shaped pale white or light-yellow flowers on slender pedicels arising from arising from leaf axils; flowers 3/8 to 5/8-inch across with five lobes and a dark yellow patch in the center; lobes may be light brown- or purple-tinged; 5 stamens.
Bloom Period: March to June.
References: SEINet and www.americansouthwest.net.
Note: Map reference is for C. texensis, a synonym.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Chamaesaracha sordida USDA PLANTS Symbol
CHSO
Common Name Hairy Five-eyes, Hairy False Nightshade ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
30511
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Drier sandy or gravelly soils in fields, roadsides, other disturbed locations.
Plant: Sprawling, somewhat erect perennial, extensively branched from base with stems 2 to 12 inches long; foliage with short, glandular pubescence hairs and longer, non-glandular hairs.
Leaves: Greyish-green, alternate, lanceolate, elliptic, or rhombic hairy leaves 3/8 to 1-1/2 inches long with wavy margins, sometimes shallow-toothed, pointed or rounded tips; bases tapering, stalkless.
Inflorescence: Single small, star-shaped pale cream-yellow, greenish flowers on slender pedicels 1-1/2 inches long arising from leaf axils; each flower 3/8-inch across with five lobes with dark yellowish star pattern in center; 5 stamens with tan anthers.
Bloom Period: March to October.
References: SEINet and www.americansouthwest.net
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Chamaesaracha villosa USDA PLANTS Symbol
CHVI9
Common Name Woolly False Nightshade, Trans-Pecos Five-eyes ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
30512
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Desert environments.
Plant: Sticky, extensively branched, woody perennial with hairy stems forming mounds from 4 to 12 inches high.
Leaves: Dark green, ovate to ovate-lanceolate very wavy and hairy leaves with scalloped edges 1-1/2 to 2-3/4 inches long often trapping grains of sand or dirt.
Inflorescence: Pale greenish-yellow star-shaped flowers, solitary or in pairs on pedicels about an inch long from leaf axils; blossoms 3/4-inch across with five pointed petals and five tufts of white cottony hairs near the base of the stamens.
Bloom Period: Spring.
References: "Little Big Bend" by Roy Morey and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2019