Arbutus xalapensis

Click on the images below to see larger versions.

Scientific Name Arbutus xalapensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
ARXA80
Common Name Texas Madrone ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
184548
Family Ericaceae (Heath) SEINet Reference
Click Here
Description Usually multi-trunked evergreen tree, 20 to 30 feet tall; colorful, exfoliating outer bark reveals polished, red, inner bark; dark green leathery leaves with red-tinged edges and undersides, to 3-1/2 inches long, ovate-elliptical shape; small, white, urn-shaped, flowers in large clusters; red or orange berries about 1/3 inch diameter. Desc. excerpt from www.wildflower.org.

Drought in Big Bend caused the loss of many Texas Madrone, but a few have survived in Green Gulch and elsewhere in the Chisos Mountains. On the other hand, the Texas Madrone in the Guadalupe Mountains NP are numerous and appear healthy.

Texas Status
Native

© Tom Lebsack 2017