Arbutus xalapensis

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Scientific Name Arbutus xalapensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Texas Madrone ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Ericaceae (Heath) SEINet Reference
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Description Usually multi-trunked evergreen tree, 20 to 30 feet tall; colorful, exfoliating outer bark reveals polished, red, inner bark; dark green leathery leaves with red-tinged edges and undersides, to 3-1/2 inches long, ovate-elliptical shape; small, white, urn-shaped, flowers in large clusters; red or orange berries about 1/3 inch diameter. Desc. excerpt from

Drought in Big Bend caused the loss of many Texas Madrone, but a few have survived in Green Gulch and elsewhere in the Chisos Mountains. On the other hand, the Texas Madrone in the Guadalupe Mountains NP are numerous and appear healthy.

Texas Status

© Tom Lebsack 2017