Gaillardia species [Asteraceae]

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Scientific Name Gaillardia amblyodon USDA PLANTS Symbol GAAM
Common Name Red Gaillardia, Maroon Blanketflower ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37397
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy soils, open areas; pastures, woodland openings.
Plant: Bushy annual 12 to 20 inches tall.
Leaves: Alternate, oblanceolate, oblong, or spatulate stem leaves 3/4 to 2-3/8 inches long; edges smooth or with very small teeth.
Inflorescence: Composite flower heads up to 2 inches across; 10 to 20 dark red rays usually not tipped with yellow, 3-lobed tips; 30 to 60 disk florets, corollas yellow or dark red with purple tips.
Blooming Period: April to July.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Gaillardia pulchella USDA PLANTS Symbol GAPU
Common Name Indian Blanket, Blanketflower ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37410
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy soils, open areas; prairies, hillsides. Ubiquitous in the Hill Country.
Plant: Bushy annual 1 to 2 feet tall.
Leaves: Linear, oblong, or spatulate leaves 1 to 3-1/2 inches long, with lobed, toothed or smooth edges.
Inflorescence: Composite flower heads 1-1/4 to 2 inches across; 8 to 14 brightly-colored yellow-tipped red rays, rarely all yellow; tips 3-lobed; 40 to 100+ yellow-to-deep red disk florets, corollas often bicolored; involucre with 18 to 28+ phyllaries.
Blooming Period: May to August (mainly).
References: "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist and Flora of North America.
Note: Below are photos of what seem to be extremely rare white G. pulchella, taken at Emma Long Park near Austin.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native
Scientific Name Gaillardia suavis USDA PLANTS Symbol GASU
Common Name Perfumeballs, Sweet Gaillardia ITIS Taxonomic Serial No. 37412
Family Asteraceae (Sunflower) SEINet
Reference
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Description Habitat: Calcareous to sandy soils in prairies and open areas, roadsides.
Plant: Clump-forming erect perennial 8 to 32 inches tall; no stems; flowerheads atop long, leafless peduncles.
Leaves: Basal leaves in a rosette, blades 2 to 6 inches long, spatulate to oblanceolate; edges smooth, slightly toothed or pinnatifid; surfaces smooth with a few isolated hairs.
Inflorescence: Single composite nearly spherical flower heads up to 1.2 inches across atop long peduncles arising from plant base; generally no ray flowers; 40 to 100+ disk florets, corollas pinkish to reddish-purple.
Blooming Period: March to June.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason, "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston and Flora of North America.
BONAP Distribution Map

Texas Status:
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2020