Echinocereus species

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Scientific Name Echinocereus chisoensis USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECCH2
Common Name Chisos Hedgehog Cactus ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
195381
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
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Description Rare species found only in a small area of Big Bend National Park; less than 1 foot tall, conical stems; pink flowers about 2 inches across. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECCOP
Common Name Claret Cup ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
912748
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Desert habitat, higher elevations in Big Bend; small to very large clumps with stems less than 10 to 12 inches tall; prolific orange-red flowers 2 inches across. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Echinocereus enneacanthus ssp. enneacanthus USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECENE2
Common Name Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
912751
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
Description Habitat: Desert environments; gravelly hills, sandy soils, desert mountains from 1800 to 4000 ft; exposed or beneath shrubs.
Plant: Clumps of several to many pickle-shaped stems, each about 6 inches long and 2 to 4 inches across, medium to light green or yellowish green.
Pads & Spines: Stems with 7 to 10 ribs, 1 to 4 stout central spines up to 3-5/8 inches long, flattened or angular and may be recurved; 6 to 9 radial spines 1-5/8 inches long.
Inflorescence: Pink to magenta funnel-shaped flowers on each stem, up to 3-1/8 inches long and 3-1/2 inches across; filaments greenish to pink, anthers yellow; 6 to 10 green stigma lobes.
Bloom Period: April and May.
References: "Cacti of Texas" by Powell, Weedin and Powell and "Little Big Bend" by Roy Morey.
Note: Similar appearance to E. stramineus ssp. stramineus except that it usually has few stems arranged in a flat cluster rather than a congested mound, and that it generally grows at lower elevations.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Echinocereus reichenbachii USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECRE
Common Name Lace Cactus ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
19814
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) SEINet Reference
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Description Dry habitat; small clumps with stems 6 to 8 inches tall; large bright magenta flowers 3 inches across. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Echinocereus russanthus (E. viridiflorus var. russanthus) USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECVIR
Common Name Rusty Hedgehog Cactus ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
51700
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) Cacti Guide Reference
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Description Endemic to Big Bend (and northern Mexico) except highest elevations; cylindrical stems up to 12 inches tall, normally shorter, 3 inches across; small flowers around perimeter of stem less than 1-1/4 inch long, reddish brown with yellow-green anthers. Photographed along Cattail Falls Trail.

Synonymous with species E. viridiflorus var. russanthus in "Little Big Bend" by Roy Morey.

Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Echinocereus stramineus ssp. stramineus USDA PLANTS Symbol
ECST2
Common Name Strawberry Cactus ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
912934
Family Cactaceae (Cactus) eFloras.org Reference
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Description Desert habitat throughout Big Bend; dome-like mound, up to 3 feet across; long straw-like spines, many magenta flowers on each dome in the spring. Photographed along FM170 west of Lajitas. Texas Status
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2019