Castilleja species

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Scientific Name Castilleja indivisa USDA PLANTS Symbol
CAIN13
Common Name Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33064
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet Reference
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Description Erect annual 8-18 inches tall with unbranched, hairy stems; long, narrow stalkless leaves; flowers are about 1 inch long, greenish white surrounded by leaf-like colored bracts, red to yellow, and white (rarely). Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja integra USDA PLANTS Symbol
CAIN14
Common Name Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33131
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet Reference
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Description Erect plant 6-16 inches tall with unbranched, hairy stems; long, narrow stalkless leaves with curled edges; lower leaves hairy, upper are smooth; flowers are small, greenish white surrounded by leaf-like colored bracts, red to yellow. Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Castilleja lanata USDA PLANTS Symbol
CALA24
Common Name Woolly Paintbrush ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
33066
Family Orobanchaceae (Broomrape) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Dry rocky slopes, often with granitic or limestone soils; found in the Trans-Pecos.
Plant: Erect perennial with clustered, sometimes branched woolly stems 4 to 40 inches tall.
Leaves: Alternate, linear or linear-lanceolate stem leaves; both surfaces covered with short, matted, woolly hairs; edges often upturned; upper leaves may be deeply cleft into three lobes.
Inflorescence: Dense, elongated spike beginning with red bracts above the leaves, wider and more oblanceolate in shape, usually with a pair of lobes at the base and long white hairs on their lower sides; flowers are tubular, tapering towards the tip, from where the style and stigma slightly protrude; greenish-yellow corolla is about 1.5 inches long and more than half is enclosed by the red, lobed calyx, similar in appearance to the bracts.
Bloom Period: March to August.
References: Descr. adapted from www.americansouthwest.net, SEINet and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native

C. integra is found in Big Bend and north, and C. indivisa is found generally in Central Texas and east. Otherwise the differences between these two species appear to be small. 


© Tom Lebsack 2018