Solanum species

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Scientific Name Solanum dimidiatum USDA PLANTS Symbol
SODI
Common Name Nightshade, Western Horsenettle ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
30425
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Habitat: Prairie, rangeland environment; dry, rocky soils.
Plant: Erect, bushy perennial 1-1/2 to 2 feet, hairy stems with prickles.
Leaves: Large (2 to 6-inch) ovate, dark green leaves, with 5 to 7 deep lobes and wavy edges; prickles along main veins of undersides.
Inflorescence: A cyme with a few 5-pointed star-shaped flowers about 1 inch across, light blue to purple petals united at base, rarely white; 5 bright yellow stamens.
Fruit: Yellow berry 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter.
Blooming Period: April to September.
References: Descr. adapted from "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Solanum elaeagnifolium USDA PLANTS Symbol
SOEL
Common Name Silverleaf Nightshade ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
30429
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade) SEINet Reference
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Description Habitat: Widespread; dry soils in disturbed areas, pastures, fields, roadsides.
Plant: Erect, bushy perennial up to 40 inches tall with one to several stems densely covered with tiny hairs, prickles.
Leaves: Alternate, linear-lanceolate or oblanceolate light green leaves 1-1/2 to 6 inches long, densely covered with tiny hairs; edges usually somewhat wavy; prickles along main veins of undersides.
Inflorescence: Star-shaped flower about 1-inch across; five light blue to purple, rarely white, petals, united at base; five bright yellow stamens.
Fruit: Yellow berry 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter.
Blooming Period: April to September.
References: Descr. adapted from "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist. and "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi.
Texas Status
Native

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© Tom Lebsack 2017