Pediomelum species

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Scientific Name Pediomelum linearifolium (Psoralea linearifolia) USDA PLANTS Symbol
PELI10
Common Name Narrowleaf Indian Breadroot ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
504180
Family Fabaceae (Pea) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Habitat: Rocky or sandy calcareous soils, prairies, rock outcrops.
Plant: Perennial with long, slender branches 12 to 30 inches tall, somewhat hairy or smooth.
Leaves: Alternate, palmately compound with 3 to 5 leaflets (sometimes only 1 or 2 on upper branches), narrowly oblanceolate to linear, 3/4 to 2-3/8 inches long, less than 1/8-inch wide; smooth upper surface, somewhat hairy below.
Inflorescence: Racemes of small typical pea-like flowers 1/3-inch long on short peduncles, pink to purple to blue; broad, upright banner.
Bloom Period: May to June.
References: "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and Kansas Wildflowers and Grasses.
Texas Status
Native
Scientific Name Pediomelum latestipulatum (Psoralea latestipulata) USDA PLANTS Symbol
PELA18
Common Name Breadroot, Texas Plains Indian Breadroot ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
504179
Family Fabaceae (Pea) Wildflower Center Ref.
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Description Habitat: Rocky or sandy calcareous/limestone soils, ledges, hillsides.
Plant: Short perennial 4 to 12 inches tall, somewhat hairy; turnip-shaped edible root.
Leaves: Palmately-compound leaves on petioles 2-3/4 inches long with 5 to 7 leaflets, each about 1 to 1-1/2 inches long and 5/8-inch wide; oblong or somewhat oblanceolate, prominent central vein.
Inflorescence: Dense, round cluster about 1-3/8 inches across of several small blue/purple pea-like flowers; banner broad and upright.
Bloom Period: March to May.
References: "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilsvsgi, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Michael Eason and "Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas" by Correll and Johnston.
Texas Status
Native
Endemic

© Tom Lebsack 2019