Monarda citriodora

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Scientific Name Monarda citriodora USDA PLANTS Symbol
Common Name Lemon Beebalm, Purple Horsemint ITIS Taxonomic Serial No.
Family Lamiaceae (Mint) Wildflower Center Reference
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Description Habitat: Sandy or rocky soils in prairies, meadows; widespread in Texas.
Plant: Erect annual or biennial with single or several stems, 1 to 2-1/2 feet tall; 4-sided stem.
Leaves: Oblanceolate, opposite leaves 1 to 2-1/2 inches long, edges uneven or serrate.
Inflorescence: An interrupted spike of 2 to 7 floral clusters each with two-lipped corollas with sickle-shaped upper lip and wider three-lobed lower lip and two stamens; corollas white to pink or lavender with purple spots; calyx teeth with long thread-like tips; colorful bracts below each corolla cluster, all about the same size, oblong and with sharp point with small bristles on tips.
Bloom Period: March to October.
Descr. adapted from "Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country" by Marshall Enquist, "Wildflowers of Texas" by Geyata Ajilvsgi, and Shinners & Mahler’s Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas.
Texas Status

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© Tom Lebsack 2019